Belgrade – Sofia

Serbia a hospitable country

With open arms the Serbs are ready to welcome you into their country. Travelling through Serbia , you will see a mix of modern cities and romance of the countryside which has been with us long past. It is a pleasure to see in the village everyday life, where the woman still take time to sit down with her cows and self- firing of rakia , distilled from fermented fruit , an art sublime . Slivovitz , plum, is the best known.
It is not so familiar to us that Serbs grow much wine (especially going to taste in a small vineyard ) . Quite often plays a tape Serbian songs during the meal in a restaurant . Like no other people the Serbs know how to enjoy life.

Route

A large part of the Sultans Trail ( 600 km ) runs through Serbia. Serbia is one of the few countries where Google Maps shows no roads . The trail runs along the following locations:

Backi Breg, Bezdan, Sombor, Apatin, Bač, Bačka Palanka, Novi Sad, Petrovaradin, Sremksi Karlovci, Zemun, Belgrade, Avala, Grocka, Smederevo, Smederevska Palanka, Svilajnac, Despotovac, Ćuprija, Paraćin, Varvarin, Kruševac, Aleksinac, Niš, Niska Banja, Bela Palanka, Pirot, Dimitrovgrad.

You get to know the people , culture and nature. Participants have the freedom to improvise during our trips to the area. We expect a degree of flexibility and openness from our participants.

History

Serbia fell from 1459 to 1804 under direct Ottoman administration. In 1815 came the Principality of Serbia, a semi-independent principality under Ottoman supervision.

The Sultans Trail runs along a large number of (historical) places of interest:

Novi Sad, located on the left bank of the Danube, was founded in 1694. The site was strategically opposite the Petrovaradin fortress, an important bridgehead on the opposite side of the river. Novi Sad was only in the 18th century a city developed in the 19th century into a Serbian “Athens”. The city belonged at that time to Hungary, while Serbia was further Turkish. The main attraction is the fortress of Novi Sad and the Church of the Holy Mother in Snowy Tekije. After Belgrade again became Turkish in 1739 attracted many German Catholics, Armenians, Jews and Greeks from there to Novi Sad. Catholics built when their Snowy Mary’s Church and carried it on to the Austrian victory over the Turks at Novi Sad in 1716.
The Treaty of Karlowitz was signed in 1699 in Sremski Karlovci and came about thanks to the mediation of England and the Dutch Republic. The treaty marked the official end of the Great Turkish War of 1683-1699 who lost the Turks.
Located in the district of Stari Grad in Belgrade:
Kalemegdan (corruption of the Turkish Kale Meydan, Fort Square). The Kalemegdan is also known for its kilometers of tunnels, underground galleries and catacombs, which are still largely unexplored.
Within the walls is the hexagonal mausoleum of Silahdar Damat Ali Pasha (1667-1716). Damad Ali Pasha was Grand Vizier at the time of Sultan Ahmed III and led the Turkish army in the fight against Austria.

Smederevo was occupied by the Ottomans in 1439, after a siege of two months. The town became a Turkish border fortress, and played an important role in the Ottoman-Hungarian Wars until 1526.
The Turks built on the Danube side an outside wall and three towers for cannons at the corners. In front of the main gate to the city, there was another tower with a gun that was destroyed in 1880. The large main tower is divided into three floors, with each floor niches in which guns could be placed.
From the Turkish era comes the bathhouse (hammam), and in the center of the large town are the remains of a mosque. In a small town there are remains of buildings from the Turkish period.
Niš in 1385 was first conquered by the Ottoman Turks to continue until 1878.
The Turks built between 1719 and 1723 an important fortress (Tvrdjava).
On display is worth the Bali Bey’s Mosque (early 16th century) in the central part of the fortress and the old Turkish bathhouse (15th century) near the Stambol Gate at the entrance of the castle.
The Skull Tower on the Zoran Djindjic Boulevard is worth visiting.
In 1386 the Ottoman army conquers the fortified town of Pirot for the first time, but the possession of the region alternated several times between Serbs and Ottomans. In the 15th century the Ottoman fortified Pirotski final Şehirköy (Encampment). It grows into a beautiful and rich, well-preserved Turkish city.

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Northern Croatia

SultansTrail passes through the northern, continental part Croatia during approximately seven hiking days. A considerable stretch of the Croatian route follows the rivers Drava and Danube. This lowland area is known as the Panonian plain. The route passes through the following cities and villages: Udvar, Draz, Zmajevac, Dvorak Tikves, Zlatna Greda, Bilje, Osijek, Klisa, Bobota, Vukovar, Sotin, Opatovac, Mohovo, Ilok and Backa Palanka.

The route through Northern Croatia

The route follows both asphalt roads and dirt roads. The route is mostly on flat terrain and every night accommodation will be available so you don’t need to carry a tent. Accommodation varies from farm accommodation to four star hotels and from private rooms to the old hunting castle of Tito.Osijek is the main city in the region Slavonia, located at the river Drava and the fourth largest city in the country. In its past the city was occupied by Celts and Romans.

In 1526 the Ottoman Turks occupied Osijek. Sultan Suleiman ordered an eight kilometer long bridge crossing the Drava and nearby swamps and he demanded that it should be build in eight days. In those days it was considered the eight’ world wonder. The Ottomans also build other important buildings, like the old fortress, mosques and hamams.

In 1687 Austrian troops forced the Turks out of the city and it remained almost deserted till 1712 when the Austrians started building a new military complex at the place of the old fortress. The pattern of Dutch lowland fortresses served as base plan. After 1945 the city was the cultural center of the German Donauschwaben, who were forced to leave their country after the Second World War.

At the beginning of the 90’s Osijek, being a border city,was under Serbian fire for months. But the new republic of Croatia managed to hold on to the city and limit the damage done to its inner city..

If you want to book an accommodation, please use this link. You’ll support us financially.

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